The great reef barrier Australian, also known as great Australian Coral barrier, becomes the largest network of protected marine areas strictly in the world, to enter into force a new conservation plan after four years of campaign by the World Fund for nature WWF/Adena. According to this plan, the surface protected reef system will increase from 4.6 per cent to 33 per cent of the Marine Park and World Heritage Area currently existing. This area covers more than 11 million hectares, i.e. one greater than Asturias extension, reported WWF/Adena. In this area it shall be prohibited to fish, either for commercial or sports purposes although it will be open to tourism, he said the organization in a statement.
This new conservation plan is important because only 0.5 per cent of the seas and oceans are protected, compared to 12% of the Earth’s surface. The coral reefs in particular are threatened by climate change, overfishing and pollution of the coast. Continue the current rate of destruction, is expected to 60 per cent of the world’s coral reefs to disappear by the year 2030?, warns the organization.WWF/Adena is confident that this strict protection of the great barrier reef will encourage other countries to follow the Australian example in maritime zones key, as the Sulu-Sulawesi Sea, in Southeast Asia, the Mesoamerican Reef in Central America, or own Mediterranean, according to the note. The director of the programme marine world of WWF/Adena, Simon Cripps, considered that this initiative to conserve one of the world’s greatest natural treasures, Australia reveals once more its global leadership in marine protection. The network of protected areas of the great barrier reef is a landmark worldwide that sets a precedent for the future of marine conservation. However, the organization said that Australia should also increase the protection of the Ningaloo Reef on the western coast of the country. The new network strictly protected areas will relieve pressure on the great barrier reef and will strengthen its capacity to overcome attacks to large-scale suffering, such as bleaching of the coral, directly related to climate change.
In addition to its beauty, it is one of the most valuable tourist resources of Australia, which generates more than 2,700 million euros annual profits. Responsible for of Areas marine protected of WWF/Adena, Susana Requena, urged national and regional administrations that they promote the protection of our seas and coasts without fear, as did Australia. The Declaration of marine protected Areas on the high seas, thinking in the conservation of the species, and the funds is an indispensable instrument.