Archive for August 18, 2014

Teaching Hospitals

The Teaching Hospital is a part of the Education, whose object of study, research and dedication is the individual hospital, child or adult, to continue with its cultural and educational learning, and to be able to cope with their disease, with emphasis on personal care and the mental health care. It is, first, to meet the educational needs of learning materials and classroom content and, secondly, to satisfy the psychological needs and adapting to host and care during hospital stay, among others. Psychoeducational deficits are specifically health personnel can not attend, forbidding the patient of their rights. So we try to provide the training that agents need to be carried out this Teaching Hospital to meet those goals, ensuring the search for mental health of the patient, ie the psychic equilibrium, social adjustment and the patient's psychosocial adaptation to their situation from the instructive or didactic approach (teaching duties and learning to recover, maintain and facilitate cultural and intellectual renewal of the patient) and psychoeducational approach (preparing for hospitalization and adjustment to this situation.) It is also essential to occupy the leisure time of hospitalization with fruitful work, training, entertainment and relaxation, in order to maintain and strengthen the habits of intellectual activity and cultural learning through the activities developed by teachers and educators of hospitals, treating a child or teen-age study does not lose continuity requires that the school process. The educational principles will be the identification (by adjusting the learning process the child in particular), socialization (to combat the isolation of the sick child, providing the opportunity to live and interact with peers in small groups, provided by a teacher or educator) and autonomy (to keep active and voluntary involvement of child with homework that is proposed, not only for entertainment but also to its training).

Ultimately, it comes to organizing and designing pedagogy in the hospital space, addressing all the factors that context implies. Hospital Pedagogy converge in special educational needs, educational and healthcare, so disciplinary action is needed, attention to emotional problems of children and families, development of strategies for adapting to the disease and the context hospital, and development of curricular changes that seek to alleviate, as soon as possible, the consequences resulting from the disease that affect children's learning ability. In the area of school activity, is to avoid the loss of intellectual habit of personal effort or delay school, as well as entertainment and encourage rehabilitation of the child when you return to your school. It also aims to create an atmosphere of dialogue and company, where the child can speak of their sorrows, worries, family, etc.. The main problem for children with chronic or long-term truancy is therefore essential to define the continuity of services supporting school (hospital classrooms, teaching at home and at school adaptations of reference). To meet these needs (health, emotional and curriculum) requires the collaboration of multidisciplinary teams, in coordination, the address at the hospital, at home and in the classroom, in order to get the full adjustment of the child and family to the demands of illness, social development, academic and emotional standardized as possible, and school integration.

Intercultural Interaction And Nursing

Intercultural interaction to health today there is a health-oriented behavior, where any activity of a person, regardless of their actual health status or perceived, is intended to promote, protect or maintain health, whether such conduct is objectively effective towards this end or not. In this health-oriented behavior and particularly in our western world, we have a social health education that includes learning opportunities, consciously created within our social sphere of the legal profession and health, reflecting a form of communication to improve what could be called as a health literacy. As knowledge of the population in relation to their health and development of personal skills conducive to individual health and the local community or social group, regardless of philosophical differences, beliefs and actions. One should not forget either that these inequalities and cultural diversity of the people are part of a broader context in which other pluralities are also present, such as those associated with social class, economic, cultural, ethnic or immigration itself. Therefore, the point is closer to health professionals is that of gender inequality and its relation to the health of our environment. Therefore, identifying and measuring the sources of widely divergent social, may lay the foundation for quality care while human.

Any health care professional must use their social skills in terms of behavior that can perform their duties while respecting the rights of others, among these skills is communication. This promotes interpersonal relationships with patients and is a key factor in the process of care that nurses provide to patients. For years and traditionally, the work of health professionals has been focused to provide patient care but social and daily reality shows that this by itself alone is not able to bring about change in attitude in the patient. Besides a good listener and communicator, health personnel should be well versed in the cultures. Each patient is a world and the approach is different in each case. Extrapolating this knowledge base with different cultures, ethnic or social groups, communication between professional and patient relationship must be one to help to close in the relationship of two people seeking solutions to meet the same health problem and adapt to personal circumstances and socio-cultural.

Intercultural nursing action is that which is done with scientific quality, technical and human and is perceived as such by the patient. The current social dynamics, makes nursing care becomes a permanent challenge, because it must consider the values, beliefs and practices of individuals under his care as well as show respect for them. The dimensions that the nurse should consider providing their care, -Given the impact on the cultural diversity of human groups from the perspective of cultural competence-are acceptance and respect for cultural differences, sensitivity to understand how are you differences influence relationships with people, and the ability to offer strategies to improve the cultural encounters, as essential requirements for trans-cultural nursing care can be consolidated.

Sustainable Development

Some countries had more recently retaken its concerns with the ambient questions, that if had become a world-wide phenomenon, appeared with much force, from 1968, motivated for the social movements and later for the crisis of the oil (Dantas, 1999). In 1972 it happens in Estocolmo to the first Conference of United Nations on the Environment, leaving clear the necessity to implant adequate ambient strategies, to promote socioeconmico a development equitable. Wedge at that moment the term ecodesenvolvimento, that later would come if to call Sustainable Development. It is important to detach that during the Conference of Estocolmo the aspects technician involving the contamination provoked for industrialization, the population growth and the urbanization, had had more prominences (Martins, 1995). The increasing concern with the ambient questions, mainly under the aspect of the degradation of the way, took UNESCO? Organization of United Nations for the Education, Science and the Culture, to promote at the beginning of the years 70, the first Conference of United Nations on the Human Environment. The Conference of Estocolmo, as she was known, presented in 1972 the lines of direction of ' ' Plan of Mundial&#039 Action; ' ' ' Declaration on the Environment ' '.

Passed three ambientalistas decades of the accomplishment of that event, scientists and technician, of the world all, continue alerting for the actual damages to the nature, for the direct action of the man. Our irresponsibility in the fields social, economic and politician-ecological, definitively contributes effective and for the installation of a global collapse of unknown ratios, that could only be prevented if the man will be capable, in curtssimo stated period, to promote radical changes in the way of life and the rational use of the natural goods. Some examples show that the conditions of economic, social order and ambient they are strong linked, between which we can cite the globalization of the markets, the world-wide net of computers; the search of alteration in the borders politics; the transference of productive sectors in the search of markets with lower prices (one fortssima transnationalization of capitals), among others.