MOISS (2005: 191) adds: In the sounding of the social problems, in search of the test of that the social organism is sick, the naturalistic romance starts where the realist stops: the last one leads until certain point, and the first one goes beyond. Thus, we identify that the Naturalismo, cannot be studied separately, therefore, very keeps a great contact with its predecessor, but that it possesss proper characteristics capable to detach it. Ahead of studies, as, PROENA SON (2004: 242), we will cite some aspects of the Naturalismo, let us see: 1) Scientific concern: the constant interest in explaining exists, by means of science, the procedure of the personages and phenomena; 2) Amoralismo: unconcern with the moral, since that the analyzed fact has interest; 3) Social pathology: it approaches on subjects, as, adultery, misery, problems to the sex pathological, among others, with the same reformadora intention of the Realism; 4) Experimental romance or of thesis: it in accordance with constructs to the action of the personages the diagnosis of natural sciences. With this, we perceive, how much that the naturalistic romance is based on science, and tries to explain all the actions and characterizations of the personages, by means of this. The precision of the details of the human behavior, in if treating to the social patologias. 2.
NATURALISMO IN PORTUGUESE LITERATURE The decade of 60 in Portugal, was marked by the end of the Romantismo and beginning of the realistic spirit, as already we saw. In this period they are turned toward the studies of the evolucionismo, socialism and positivismo. The colleges student who defended these chains had been criticized by who defended the romantic ideals, as Antonio Feliciano de Castilho, that attack the young intellectuals, thus generating, one incited controversial one, that was called ' ' Coimbr' question; '.